|Empowerment of rural people|
SPS through LPOs, organized the target group families, strengthened federations and networks of people, organized and conducted camps and training program focussing role of the community in PRIs, need of sustained community actions, the mechanisms to reinforce accountability etc,.
The focus of this project are
SPS is one of the flagship projects of AID Cincinnati. The main objective of the five year program is to contribute significantly to the quality of life of target group of 3,841 families covering 21,374 persons over a period of five years (2002-2007) in 26 villages in three talukas of two districts, i.e, Harapanhalli (Dist:Davanagere), Hangal and Hirekerur (Dist:Haveri) through Local Peoples Organizations (LPOs), such as Krishi Karmikar Sanghas (KKSs),Women Self-Help Groups (SHGs) and Village Forest Committees (VFCs). The program focuses on the over all development (education, health and income) of the target groups [the families of Landless labourers, small and marginal farmers with priority for women, SC/ST]. The program also includes capacity building of the Local Peoples Organizations (LPOs)., social activists, NGOs, networks in and outside the Karnataka State and working towards people- centered policies, legislations and programs at the national and state level on community control over natural resources. During the last four years 2002-2003, 2003-2004, 2004-05 and 2005-06 we have been successful in enabling 289, 764, 915 and 1525 families respectively. The important activities during the year are (i) Study of the Land Resources of Kumaranahalli, Dyapanayakanahalli and Hariyammanahalli TQ: Harapanahalli Dist: Davanagere and facilitating Local People Organizations; Small and Marginal Farmers in preparing integrated development plan of above three villages. (ii) Lobbying for the implementation of the Karnataka Employment Guarantee Act 2005 in Karnataka and suggested additions/suggestions through peoples institutions and like minded organizations to the proposed Karnataka Rural Employment Policy- 2005 and Karnataka Rural Employment Guarantee Bill –2005. (iii) Government of Karnataka passed an Order No.GRAAPA 107 YO U MOU : 2005 dated June 25,2005, as result of sustained campaign by Grama Ganarajya Vedike (GGV) in Karnataka for People's Plan in line with Kerala State and formation of District Planning Committees (DPCs). SPS organized and conducted Visioning Workshop on future course of action in December 2005 and evolved strategic plan of SPS for the next 10 years – 2006-07 to 2015-2016. SPS has spent Rs. 15,56,603 during the year for the activities in the four areas mentioned above. Out of which AID, Cincinnati contributed $5450 for the year 2006_2007.
SPS has initiated a new three year (2007-08 to 2009-2010) program Management of Natural Resources for Sustainable Livelihoods and Advocacy Program for the Empowerment of Rural Poor and Strengthening Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs) during the year based on the reinforced vision of SPS i.e. building people's power for community control over natural resources and Self Rule through people-centered advocacy efforts. SPS has chosen Gram Panchayat as a unit, in the new three year program to work through the Local Peoples Organization's (LPOs) and local self governments i.e. Gram, Taluka and Zilla Panchayats for people-centric advocacy and empowerment. Activities at Mantagi (Taluka :Hangal ,District :Haveri) were carried out with the support of AID-Cinncinnati, which funded $7600 for the year 2007-08. The target population in this area is 3403. While organizing the TG families, thrust was given to landless labourers and migrating families and organized them into SHGs and Krishi Karmikar Sanghas (KKSs).These groups are also motivated to join VFC (Village Forest Committees) by paying by them nominal membership fees and compulsorily participate in ward and gram sabhas. Existing LPOs (Local People Organization) are federated at village level and linked to larger networks at taluka (Taluka level SHG and VFC Federation) and District level network (Gram Ganarajya Vedike).
The training and capacity building program was focused towards sensitizing the communities and peoples representatives in the area of (i) Importance of participation of the poorer and women in ward and gram sabha (ii) Community involvement in getting the minutes, progress report and action plan of the gram sabha and gram panchayats and analyzing the above documents and formulate course of actions (iii) Accountability and transparency through Jamabandi, Social Audit ,Right to Information Act etc.,(iv) Mainstreaming the communities in preparing the development plan through janyozana i.e. local level planning (v) Strengthening the Village Forest Committees (VFCs ) and Krishi Karmikar Sangha (KKSs) in community control over natural resources and effective implementation Food Security Schemes including National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA).